Hyperopia is the most common refractive disorder in children of preschool age. These children cannot see clearly, either at long or at short distance. Some of them, in their effort to overcome the blurring caused by their hyperopia, squint (adaptive esotropia).
There is usually genetic predisposition (not always), but hyperopia has also been associated with specific conditions – syndromes. Hyperopia is treated by using special glasses, contact lenses (in adolescence), and / or refractive surgery (after 18 years of age).