Myopia is the most common refractive disorder in children at school age and adolescence. These children do not see distant objects clearly.
There is usually a hereditary predisposition (not always), while these disorders have been associated with specific habits (diet, lighting, intense activities close to the eyes etc.), but also with diseases – syndromes.
Myopia is treated by using special glasses, contact lenses (in adolescence) and / or refractive surgery (after 18 years of age).